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 First Masumeen

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Registration date : 2007-02-06

PostSubject: First Masumeen   Mon Mar 19, 2007 11:39 am

An introduction to first infallible Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H.)

Quraish Tribe

The tribe of Quraish was taken into consideration as one of the most respectable and honorable one amid the honorable Arab tribes of Hijaz (The land which is now known as Saudi Arabia was known as Hijaz before the Saudi dynasty came into existence).

The great grand father of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) known as Kisa Bin Kalab was custodian of the Kaabah (The Haram of God). Quraish were divided into many different groups and Bani Hashim was the noblest one out of them.

Hashim was considered to be a noble, wise and honorable one among the people of Mecca. He helped and assisted the residents of Mecca and started the trading business in the summer and winter for the betterment of their lives. Therefore, the people gave him the title of Syed. This is the very reason why those who are his successors and out of his and Prophet's race are known as Syeds. The sons of Hashim following him known as Mutalib and Abdul Mutalib became the guardians and custodians of Quraish. Abdul Mutalib was a great personality. This was during his age that Abraha attacked Kaabah, but the Almighty God destroyed him. This added to the greatness of Abdul Mutalib. He loved Abdullah very much. Abdullah was married to the noble girl Amina at the age of twenty-four years.

Two months after the event of Amul-feel Amina bore a child who was named Mohammad (P.B.U.H.). Before the Birth of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) his father Abdullah had passed away and after a short period his mother too breathed her last. The Prophet's (P.B.U.H.) grandfather Abdul Mutalib took over as his guardian. The son of Abdullah, the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) with the grace and mercy of God grew up to be such a young man with spiritual purity that the people of Mecca loved him and used to keep their belongings in his custody. This is the reason he was called "Amin."

The Prophet (P.B.U.H.), with his force of faith, backed and assisted the poor and oppressed ones, took his meals along with them, lent ear to their words and solved their problems.

The Prophet (P.B.U.H.), when some of the young ones organized an association known as the "Commitment of youths", joined them and started backing them because their aim was supporting the tyrannized ones and waging jihad (holy war) against the tyrants and cruel ones.

The Prophet (P.B.U.H.), as his uncle Abu Talib (A.S.) advised him, joined the trade caravan of Khatija (A.S.) and due to his correct and right work became the leader of the caravan.

After some time Khatija (A.S.) got impressed by his virtues and wished his hand in marriage. He accepted the proposal and the richest lady of Quraish put all her wealth into his feet (This wealth which was the greatest possible treasure of the Arab world of those days, was later on used by him for the sake of helping poor Muslims and spreading Islam) and at his disposal.

Khatija (A.S.) gave birth to Fatima (A.S.), to whose race belong all the Infallible Imams of Islamic Ummah.

The Sagacity of Prophet (P.B.U.H.)

After ten years of his marriage a strong flood came to Mecca, which divested and plundered the Khanae Kaabah. To avoid dispute, the work of reconstruction of Kaabah was distributed among various tribes but when the building construction was completed and the time for fixing the Hajar-e-Aswad (a black stone fixed on a corner of Kaabah) approached, every tribe had the desire to achieve the honor of fixing it.

They got very close to a war. He gave the decision that the Hajar-e-Aswad be placed on a sheet of cloth and all of them should carry it together and erect it.

Commencement of the Prophetic Mission

At the age of forty years the Mohammad (P.B.U.H.) was appointed as Prophet.

One day when he was busy offering his prayers and was worshipping God at the Cave of Hara (The Cave of Hara is known as Kooh-e-noor is about 6 KM from Mecca towards Mina) angel Gabriel brought him revelation from God that he was chosen as Prophet.

After the revelation he went to take rest at his home. Once again, the angel Gabriel descended and reveled the revelation of God to him for starting the religious propagation.

To start with, Prophet (P.B.U.H.) secretly propagated and a few men secretly accepted Islam. First of all, his wife accepted his Prophesy and then Hazrat Ali (A.S.). He leveled the ground and made the atmosphere for propagation ready for as long as three years.

God commanded him to invite the people towards one single God and start a holy war and crusade against the idols.

This was a dangerous and perilous job because the chiefs of the tribes had achieved the status of Kings and Monarchs and had made all the others their slaves. Secondly it appeared to be difficult to break the idols those, which had been worshipped by them, for ages.

But there was no alternative except to tolerate and bear the difficulties for the sake of achievement of the goal and high aim of monotheism and constitution of Taw hid (One Gad).

After the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) had extended the common invitation, people started their resistance and enmity.

In the beginning, they tried to stop him (P.B.U.H.) by offering bribe. But when they did not succeed, they used power and started teasing, torturing, plundering the assets and making fun and cracking jokes with his followers but this attempt also failed to stop the mission of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.).

The polytheists boosted up their brutalities and violence and ousted the Prophet along with his family and followers out of Mecca.

Therefore, these people were forced to live in Shaab-e-Abu Talib for three years, so as to get themselves saved from the evil activities of the enemy. But the enemies did not content themselves and restrict their activities to this.

They even besieged the Shaab-e-Abu Talib so that the food and water does not reach them.

Some people played upon their lives to get them food in the darkness of the night.

So the time kept on passing till the polytheist gave way to the strong will and determination of the Muslims and decided to Kill the Prophet (P.B.U.H.). They planned to select one young man from each and every tribe and family so that no one should be able to ask them for blood money. They fixed a particular night to attack the Prophet's house and martyr him.

Migration to Madinah

The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) came to know about their plan through revelation. Out of his lovers, this was only Ali (A.S.) who chose to lie down upon his bed and sacrifice his own life for the Prophet (P.B.U.H.). The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) migrated from Mecca under the cover of darkness of night. The polytheists gathered on the specified time on that night to attack the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) but when they saw Ali (A.S.) on the bed of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) they were astonished and immediately started the pursuit of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) but they came back without achieving their end.

The Prophet (P.B.U.H.), after a tiresome and inconvenient journey reached Quba, a place near Madinah, where the inhabitants of Madinah greeted and welcomed the Prophet (P.B.U.H).

After reaching this place the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) planned to construct the Quba Mosque, so that the Muslims may gather there to offer their prayers and start planning about their constructional works.

The work of the Mosque construction proceeded swiftly. The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) also helped during the work. After the work got accomplished the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) offered the first ever Juma prayer in the same Mosque. The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) delivered a short speech and waited for his representative Ali (A.S.) to come and join him along with the ladies of Bani Hashim and then they enter the city together.

Ali (A.S.) remained in Mecca for 3 days after the Prophet's (P.B.U.H.) departure and surrendered all the deposits which the people had kept with the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) Then Ali (A.S.) left Mecca for Madinah along with the ladies of Bani Hashim at midnight and later joined the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) at Quba.

The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) along with Ali (A.S.) and the ladies entered the city of Madinah where a warm welcome of the city inhabitants was awaiting them. Everyone was requesting the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) to be his guest. But he (P.B.U.H.) said leave the way of my camel, I (P.B.U.H.) will become the guest of the person on whose door the camel shall sit down.

The camel kept moving and crossing the streets of Madinah till She sat down on the door of Abu Ayub Ansari and the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) became the guest of him.

After reaching Madinah, first of all the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) laid the foundation of the Mosque so as to start the preaching and propagation of his religion from this great and glorious base.

The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) immediately put and end to the war of Aus and Khizra's tribes, which were going on for a hundred and twenty years on the provocation of the Jews and made them, enter a truce.

The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) created the "brotherhood" between the Muhajireen (immigrants) and Ansar (aiders) so that they do not become a burden upon the later and they could live their lives together.

The Jews of Madinah who had the keys to the economy of that place felt a danger approaching them, so they spoiled and deterred their relations with the Muslims. They wanted to deter and finish the unity of Muslims and kill them. But the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) was fully aware of their activities and thus he would nullify and counter all their conspiracies.

The Deviation of Qiblah

The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) used to offer his prayers facing Aqsa Mosque of the Jerusalem for a period of thirteen years in Mecca and one year and five months in Madinah. The Jews objected to it and said if we are not on the right path then why do you offer your prayers facing our Qiblah.

After all, one day Jabriel (A.S.) descended from the heaven along with the revelation at a time when the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) was busy offering his prayer he said: God has ordered you to turn your face towards the Kaabah. Just now.

From that time onwards Masjid-ul Haram (Kaabah) is the Qiblah of Muslims. The Jews felt bad about it and objected upon Muslims and said if Kaabah was your Qiblah then why did you offer your prayers facing Masjid-ul Aqsa (Jerusalem)?

They were unaware of the fact that the change of Qiblah occurred for the very reason to distinguish the friends and enemies of Islam. So that those who obey the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) are distinguished from those who disobey and oppose him.

1. The Battle of Badr

When the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) gathered fighting force, and army, he first of all made truce pacts with the tribe living all around Madinah so that the danger of expected attacks be pacified and nullified. He simultaneously made up his mind to attack one of the large caravans of Quraish infidels which was to cross by Madinah and head towards Syria so that the defenders of infidelity and polytheism be punished and, taken to task and there pride be shattered, and at the same time they should be given the answer for plundering the wealth, belonging and winning of the houses of Muhajireen (immigrants) by them.

This battle is named the battle of Badr because it took place near the well-named Badr.

The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) fought this battle after consulting the political elements and had taken steps after getting full information about the exact position of the enemy. His companions succeeded in the Shade of faith and the polytheists were defeated.

2. The Battle of Uhad

The victory of Muslims in the Badr battle had made the polytheists very annoyed and angry. At the height and peak of anger Abu Sufian announced that nobody should mourn the death of his Kith and Kin.

On the other hand, the Jews were greatly terrified and afraid from the success the Muslims had achieved. That was the very reason why a Jew named Kaab Ibne Ashraf went to Mecca and recited emotion evoking poems and made the infidels of Quraish weep over their killed ones and provoked them to take revenge.

As a result, the Quraish held a meeting at Darun Nadva during which they assessed and estimated the cost of the next battle around fifty thousand golden Dinars.

Right from that moment, they started procuring and gathering the war weapons and also took help and aid from the tribes living in the surroundings of Mecca.

The Method of Departure

The army of polytheists consisting upon three thousand warriors headed to Madinah.

Abbas lbne Abdul Mutalib, who was then concealing his being a Muslim, helped the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) by sending a speedy messenger with a letter informing him about the circumstances. The well-armed army of polytheists headed by Aim Sufian and another army (infantry) Commanded by Khalid Ibne Waleed camped near the Uhad Mountain.

Having received information about the intentions of the polytheists the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) held a meeting, wherein the majority decided to meet the enemy outside the city. The army of Islam moved out of the city on 7th of the Shawwal 3rd Hijrah after the morning prayers and by the order of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) camped near the enemy army. The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) stationed Abdullah lbne Jabeer along with fifty men equipped with bows and arrows on the top of a valley, which was strategically, and Marshal important and dangerous and ordered them "Do not move from here whether we gain victory or loose the battle." The two armies of monotheism and polytheists confronted each other. The battle started through Abu Amer a soldier of Quraish army.

In the beginning, the Islamic forces fought bravely and made the army of infidel's retreat but very soon the situation reversed.

The platoon of the bow and arrow men, who were stationed by the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) to cover the valley, thinking the battle had ended, left their place in greed of looting the booty.

Khalid bin Waleed the infantry Commander of the enemy took advantage of the situation and along with his soldiers went around the mountain and captured the valley and attacked those Muslim who were busy in plundering the booty from the rear and killed most of them.

Seventy men out of the total number of Muslims were slain and the rest of them ran away and the battle ended to the benefit of the enemy. But the Prophet (P.B.U.H.), by the sacrifice and heroism of Ali (A.S.) and the cooperation of a few others, followed and pursued the enemy and killed a number of their soldiers. Thus saving Madinah from any fresh attack.
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