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 Types of Hajj

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PostSubject: Types of Hajj   Wed Jun 06, 2007 11:21 am

Rule 143: There are three types of pilgrimage: Tamatu', Ifraad and Qiraan. The first is the obligation on those who reside more than 48 miles from Makkah and the other two are prescribed for those who reside within 48 miles of Makkah.

Rule 144: There is no objection to those residing afar to perform Ifraad or Qiraan pilgrimages as an optional pilgrimage, just as there is no objection to those residing in the vicinity performing the Tamatu' as a provisional pilgrimage but this course is not permissible to either of them in an obligatory pilgrimage.
So performance of a Hajj-ut-Tamatu' for those whose duty is to perform the Ifraad or Qiraan or vice versa is not permissible. However, the obligation of those who have to perform Tamatu' can, in certain circumstances, change to Ifraad as will be explained.

Rule 145: If a person residing afar, takes residence in Makkah, his obligation will change to Hajjul Ifraad or Qiraan after commencement of the third year of his taking residence there. However, before that his obligation is to perform Hajj-ut-Tamatu'. There is no difference as to the availability of funds to perform pilgrimage being materialized before taking such residence or during the period of the residence.
There is also no difference whether or not he intended to take residence permanently. The same rule applies to those living in cities other than Makkah, provided that the distance between the those places and Makkah is less than 48 miles.

Rule 146: When a person resides in Makkah and wishes to perform Hajj-ut-Tamatu' before the change of his obligation to Hajj-ul-Ifraad or Qiraan, it has been said that he can wear ihram for Umrat-ut Tamatu' from Adnal Hil (nearest Meqats to Makkah, such Hudaibiyyah, Ja'ranah, and at-Tan'eem Mosque).
However, it is arguable (ishkal) that, as a matter of precaution, he must wear it at one of the Meqats. Indeed, as a matter of precaution he should wear ihram at the Meqat used by the people of his own country. It is apparent (alal adhhar) that this rule applies to those residing in Makkah and wishing to perform Hajj-ut- Tamatu', albeit a recommended one.
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